Paid To Popup MBBS MADE EASY: 2011

Monday, August 1, 2011

Guthrie card: diseases identified with it

Guthrie Cards Can Help Predict Bad Metabolism


Galactosaemia


Cystic fibrosis


Congenital adrenal hyperplasia


Hypothyroidism

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Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS): Features

FAS




Facial hypoplasia, Forebrain malformations






Attention deficit disorder (ADD), Altered joints






Short stature, Septal defects, Small(low) IQ

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Hematuria: differential in children

ABCDEFGHIJK


Anatomy (cysts, etc)



Bladder (cystitis)



Cancer (Wilm's tumour)



Drug related (cyclophosphamide)
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Failed intubation: Causes

INTUBATION


Infections of larynx


Neck mobility abnormalites


Teeth abnormalties(loose tooth,protuberant tooth)


Upper airway abnormalties (strictures or swellings)

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Saturday, July 2, 2011

Aortic regurgitation: causes


CREAM

Congenital

Rheumatic damage

Endocarditis

Aortic dissection/ Aortic root dilatation
 
Marfan’s
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HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS

ACID

Type I -----Anaphylaxis

Type II ----Cytotoxic-mediated

Type III ---Immune-complex

Type IV ---Delayed hypersensitivity
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Thursday, June 16, 2011

Steroid Side Effects

AM CUSHINGOID

A cne
M yopathy/proximal muscle weakness
C ushingoid/cataract
U lcers
S triae, skin thinning/bruising
H ypertension/hairy
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MAOI Side Effects

3Hs

H epatocellular jaundice

H yperthermia

H ypertension
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Cyclosporin Side Effects

4HRT

4H yperkalemia, hypertension, gum hypertrophy, hair

R enal toxicity

T remo
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Cholinergic OD Side Effects

DUMB BELS

D iarrhea
U rination
M iosis/muscle weakness
B ronchorrea
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Barbiturate Side Effects

ABCD

A taxia
B ehavioral disturbance
C oncentration decreased/coma
D epression/drowsy/diplopia
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Anti-Epileptic Side Effect

ABCDEFGH

A taxia
B lood dyscrasia
C left lip
D upuytrens / Vit D deficiency
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ACE Inhibitor Side Effects

CAPTOPRIL

C ough
A naphylaxis
P alpitations
T aste
O rthostatic hypotension
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Friday, May 27, 2011

Bronchiectasis: differential diagnosis

BRONCHIECTASIS:

Bronchial cyst
Repeated gastric acid aspiration
Or due to foreign bodies
Necrotizing pneumonia
Chemical corrosive substances
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Wednesday, May 18, 2011

NAIL PATELLA SYNDROME (NPS)

JOSH PERSON has NPS

Joints overextension

Osteo onycho dysplasia (alternate term)


Spurs on posterior iliac bone


Hyperhydrosis


Patella absent or hypoplastic -->knee instability


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Thursday, April 21, 2011

Causes of Localized Edema

ALIVE

Allergic (angioedema)

Lymphatic (e.g. elephantiasis)

Inflammatory (e.g. infection, injury)

VEnous (e.g. DVT, chronic venous insufficiency)
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Symptoms of GI Obstruction

PV D&C

Pain

Vomiting

Distension

Constipation
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Haematemesis

GUM BLEEDING

Gastritis,

Ulcer,

Mallory-Weiss

Biliary (Haemobilia),

Large varices,

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Prophylactic antibiotics

APPLE

Amputations, 

Prosthesis, 


Penetrating wounds,


Large bowel surg, 


Endocarditis
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Monday, April 4, 2011

osler weber rendu syndrome

TEACH

Telengiectasia

Epistaxis


AV malformation


Cerebral abscess


Haemorrhages-pulmonary,GIT
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Drugs causing Alopecia

ALOPECIA


Anticancer drugs like cyclophosphamide, adriamycin

Lithium


OC pills withdrawal


Propylthiouracil

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ERYTHEMA NODOSUM

seen in conditions  SIT

Sarcoidosis

Infections by salmonella-syphilis, streptococcus, Inflammatory bowel diseases


T
uberculosis

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candidiasis causes

ABCDEFG

Antibiotic use

Baby(pregnancy)


Contraceptive pills


Diabetes

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Contents of the Cubital fossa

CONTENTS OF THE CUBITAL FOSSA FROM MEDIAL TO LATERAL..

ME BRave?? BIg Rumour!!

MEdian Nerve

BRachial artery?? 

BIceps tendon

Radial nerve
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Sphincters of the Ailmentary Canal

In order from proximal to distal,
Cats Purr Only If Amused

Cardiac

Pyloric

Oddi

Ileocaecal

Anal
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Sunday, April 3, 2011

Brachial plexus

Lateral cord: LML


Lateral Pectoral

Musculocutaneous



Lateral root of median nerve



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Large intestine features

LAST

LI (Large Intestine)

Apendices epicoliae

Sacculation

Tenia coli.
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Branches of post. cord of brachial plexus in the axilla

STARS

Subscapular nerve(upper)

Thoracodorsal nerve


Axillary nerve


Radial nerve


Subscapular nerve(lower)
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Thoraco acromian artery branches

ABCD

Acromian 

Breast(pectoral )

Clavicular 

Deltoid
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Radial nerve supplying muscles

BEST

Brachioradialis 

Extensors 

Supinator  


Triceps
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Friday, April 1, 2011

Inversion vs. eversion muscles in leg

Second letter rule for inversion/eversion:

Eversion muscles:


pEroneus longus


pEroneus brevis


pEroneus tertius

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Spleen: dimensions, weight, surface anatomy

1,3,5,7,9,11

Spleen dimensions are 1 inch x 3 inches x 5 inches.

Weight is 7 ounces.


It underlies ribs 9 through 11.
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Cavernous sinus contents

O TOM CAT

O TOM are lateral wall components, in order from superior to inferior. 
CA are the components within the sinus, from medial to lateral
CA ends at the level of T from O TOM
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Pterygoid muscles: function of lateral vs. medial

"Look at how your jaw ends up when saying first syllable of 'Lateral' or 'Medial' ": 
 
"La": your jaw is now open, so Lateral opens mouth.
"Me": your jaw is still closed, so medial closes the mandible.
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Tuesday, March 22, 2011

FORAMEN OVALE STRUCTURES

OVALE

FORAMEN


V3 - MANDIBULAR NERVE


ACCESSORY MENINGEAL ARTERY


LESSER PETROSAL NERVE


EMISSARY VEIN
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Hurler syndrome features

HURLER'S

Hepatosplenomegaly

Ugly face


Recessive (AR inheritance)


L-iduronidase deficiency (alpha)

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8 CARPAL BONES

FROM LATERAL TO MEDIAL and 
PROXIMAL TO DISTAL

SHE  LOOKS TOO PRETTY TRY TO CATCHER
SCAPHOID

LUNATE


TRIQUETRAL


PISIFORM

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Cardiology : acute marginal artery vs obtuse marginal artery

Right-left similarly
Acute-Obtuse


acute marginal is a branch of RCA


Obtuse marginal is a branch of LCA
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Sunday, March 6, 2011

Cervical plexus: arrangement of the important nerves

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Deep tendon reflexes: root supply

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

S1-2: ankle

L
3-4: knee

C5-6: biceps, supinator

C7-8: triceps
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Carpal tunnel syndrome causes

MEDIAN TRAP

Myxoedema

Edema premenstrually

Diabetes

Idiopathic

Acromegaly

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Median nerve: hand muscles innervated

Meat LOAF

Median nerve
Lumbricals 1 and 2
Opponens pollicis
Abductor pollicis brevis 
Flexor pollicis brevis
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Radial nerve: muscles supplied

BEST

Brachioradialis

Extensors

Supinator

Triceps
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Ureter to ovarian/testicular artery relation

Water under the bridge

The ureters (which carry water), are posterior to the ovarian/testicular artery.

· Clinically important, since a common surgical error is to cut ureter instead of ovarian artery when removing uterus.
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Wednesday, March 2, 2011

External carotid artery branches

Sister Lucy's Powdered Face Often Attracts Silly Medicos

Superior thyroid

Lingual

Posterior auricular

Facial

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Aortic arch: major branch order

ABC'S

Aortic arch gives rise to:
 
Brachiocephalic trunk

left Common Carotid

left Subclavian
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Friday, February 25, 2011

Inguinal canal: walls

MALT: 2M, 2A, 2L, 2T

Starting from superior, moving around in order to posterior

Superior wall (roof): 2 Muscles: internal oblique Muscle  and transverse abdominus Muscle  

Anterior wall: 2 Aponeuroses:  Aponeurosis of external oblique and Aponeurosis of internal oblique  

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Rotator cuff muscles

SITS

Clockwise from top:

Supraspinatus 

Infraspinatus  

Teres minor  

Subscapularis
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Scalp Layers

SCALP

From superficial to deep:  

Skin  

Connective tissue 

Aponeurosis  

Loose areolar tissue 

Pericranium
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Atrioventricular valves

LAB RAT

Left Atrium: Bicuspid

Right Atrium: Tricuspid
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Relationship of Thorasic duct to Esophagous and Azygous

The duck is between two gooses
.
duck = thoracic duct 2 gooses = azyGOUS and esophaGOUS
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Monday, February 21, 2011

Symptoms Of Mesothelioma

UNCLASPED
Unexplained weight Loss
Night Sweats or Fever
Cough that lingers
Lumps on the chest (under the skin)
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Saturday, February 5, 2011

Mind map of Insulin Functions


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Mind map of Low Insulin Levels and Type I Diabetes


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Mind map of Diabetes Nutrition


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Mind map of Insulin Disorders


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Mind map of Insomnia


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Mind map of Hyperinsulinemia and Type II Diabetes


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Mind map of Liver and Diabetes


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Mind map of Diaphragm: Hiatal Hernia Syndrome


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Mind map of Glycation and other complications of Diabetes


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Mind map of Sequences in Progression of Atherosclerosis


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Mind map of Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth


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Wednesday, February 2, 2011

Bronchopulmonary segments of right lung

A PALM Seed Makes Another Little Palm

Superior to Inferior :

Apical

Posterior

Anterior

Lateral

Medial

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Tarsal tunnel: Contents

Tiny Dogs Are Not Hunters

From superior to inferior:

T: Tibialis posterior  

F: flexor Digitorum longus
A: posterior tibial Artery  

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Attachments of Pectoralis Major, Teres Major and Latissimus Drosi

A lady between two majors

Latissimus dorsi attaches to the floor of bicipital groove

Pectoralis major attaches to lateral lip of bicipital groove

Teres major attaches to medial lip of bicipital groove


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Tuesday, February 1, 2011

Asperger's syndrome

ASPE-rger

Adam (Male) child

Absent delay in language development

Absent delay in cognition

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Triad of WEST Syndrome

HIM

Hypsarrythmic pattern on ECG

Infantile spasm


Mental retardation 
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Potter Syndrome

POTTER

Pulmonary hypoplasia

Oligohydrominios


Twisted skin (wrinkly skin)


Twisted face (Potter facies)

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CNS infection in intrauterine life

HRCT ( High Resolution CT) 

HR: HSV& Rubella

CT:CMV & Toxoplasma
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Vaccines contraindicated in HIV

BOY

BCG

ORAL TYPHOID

YELLOW FEVER
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Most common causes of Pneumonia, Meningitis and Osteomyelitis in Neonates

GESS-  pneumonia in Neonates

GBS,E coli,staph aureus,staph epidermidis.

GEL in Meningitis

GBS,E coli,Listeria.


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Features of Nephrotic syndrome

NEPHROTIC

Na+water retention

Edema

Protienuria>3.5g/24hrs

Hypertension+hyperlipidaemia
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Most common causes of Childhood bacterial infections

SNH

Streptococcus pneumonia

Neisseria Meningitidis

Haemophilus influenza
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EBV - Triad phenomenon

 GIL

GLANDULAR FEVER 

IMMUNOSUPRESSION

LYMPHADENOPATHY
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Appearence of Rash

Very Sick Patients Must Take Double Tablets

VARICELLA 1DAY

SCARLET FEVER 2DAY


POX SMALL 3DAY


MUMPS 4DAY


TYPHUS 5DAY

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Mind Map of Natural Therapies of Candida


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Mind Map of supportive natural therapies of Cystitis


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Tuesday, January 25, 2011

Indications of Abdominal Hysterectomy


TOMB

Trauma: Uterine perforation, cervical tear

Obstructive: HARM

    * Hydatidiform mole
    * Atonic PPH
    * Rupture uterus
    * Morbid adherent placenta
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Mind Map of Wernicke Korsakoff Syndrome


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Mind Map of Urinary Tract Infection


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Mind Map of Toxoplasmosis


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Mind Map of Suicide


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Mind Map of Stroke


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Mind Map of Subacute Sclerosing Pan Encephalitis


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Mind Map of Social Phobia


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Mind Map of Schizophrenia


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Mind Map of Sarcoidosis


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Mind Map of Pulmonary Embolism


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